About The Crusades

Topics: Pope, First Crusade, Holy Roman Empire Pages: 2 (654 words) Published: November 18, 2013
~~~FIRST CRUSADE - After the Normans had settled in France and conquered England, both France and England, and also the Holy Roman Empire, were stronger than they had been since the time of Charlemagne. Their kings and queensbegan to think, as he had, of reconquering the whole Mediterranean and recreating the Roman Empire. In particular, they wanted to take Jerusalem, the city ofJesus Christ, away from the Islamic Fatimids who were ruling it. In 1095 AD Pope Urban made a great speech at Clermont (CLAIRE-mant) in southern France, where he urged the people to take up weapons and go fight to free Jerusalem from the rule of the Fatimids. People were wildly enthusiastic. Even children and old women and old men wanted to go. People were so enthusiastic that several groups set off for Jerusalem before the main group was organized. They believed that God would just knock down the walls of Jerusalem anyway as soon as they got there, so there was no need for fighting or weapons. Some of them didn't even take any money. Most of these groups found that traveling and fighting were harder than they had imagined, and most of them died on the way. One group decided it was too hard to get to Jerusalem to fight the Fatimids, and instead stopped in Germany to fight theJews. Thousands of Jews were robbed and killed by these Crusaders, just because they were not Christians. Finally in the fall of 1096 the main Crusade left for Jerusalem. They went by different routes, some by land and some by sea, to Constantinople. Here the Emperor Alexius was quite surprised to see them and not altogether pleased. Would this army try to take over his own empire? But he sent them on towards Jerusalem. The Fatimids were still not worried, because they thought this was just a little army of Roman soldiers from Constantinople, who just wanted to fight a little in Syria. The Crusaders finally reached Jerusalem in May, 1098. They were surprised to see all the civilized things in the city of Jerusalem...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Crusades Essay
  • The Crusades Research Paper
  • The Crusades Essay
  • Crusades Essay
  • Essay on The Crusades
  • The Crusades Essay
  • Crusades Essay
  • Crusades Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Fresh Music by NewMp3Songs Most Recent Added MP3s by NewMp3Songs | Read Essay | 7.8 /10 0 454 Beasts Of No Nation (2015)