Charlemagne: Review Notes

Topics: Middle Ages, Pope, Roman Empire Pages: 5 (1412 words) Published: December 10, 2013
Unit 8 Charlemagne
Why did Charlemagne distrust the pope's motives in crowning Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor? - By crowning him emperor, the pope established the significant precedent that only the pope could confer the imperial crown. - He was worried about a conflict with the Byzantines. The Byzantine Empress Irene was rumored to have considered a marriage to Charlemagne, and his coronation as emperor, was seen as an insult to Byzantium. How could Charlemagne create such a powerful empire?

- Charlemagne mostly enlarged his empire through military conquest, most notably through a long and successful series of campaigns against the Saxons, and his conquest of Bavaria. From an administrative standpoint, he gave his authority increased underpinning by assisting the Pope against riotous Roman nobles and subjugating the Lombards, actions which earned him the title of Holy Roman Emperor. He adopted a system of standard weights and measures throughout his empire, including a new system of coinage. Charlemagne projected imperial authority by moving his court throughout the empire, and delegating administrative duties to local appointees known as counts. He communicated with these counts through messages sent by officials known as missi dominici. Additionally, he divided the empire into larger administrative regions run by governors. Finally, Charlemagne reformed the legal code, compiling Frankish laws with Roman laws. - appointed counts to supervise local administration of justice and raising armies. other administrators to supervise courts, and collect tolls and taxes sent reps throughout countryside to relay instructions and check up on admins Unit 9    Feudalism

Why were the Crusades launched?
- The Crusades were a series of military conflicts of a religious character waged by much of Christian Europe during 1095–1291, most of which were sanctioned by the Pope in the name of Christendom. The Crusades originally had the goal of recapturing Jerusalem and the sacred "Holy Land" from Muslim rule and were originally launched in response to a call from the Eastern Orthodox Byzantine Empire for help against the expansion of the Muslim Seljuk Turks into Anatolia. Why did feudalism develop after the fall of the Roman empire? - This came to be when everyone decided that there was going to be a high group and a low group. Then people started to just continue their lives as one rich and one poor and the poor were treated like

Unit 10    Early Middle Ages

Why was the Magna Carta an important step in the political evolution of England in the Middle Ages? - The Magna Carta, signed in 1215 by King John, was an important step in because it took some power from the monarch and gave it to the people. An example of this would be that the monarch could no longer take someone's land without just reason and payment to the person for the land. Because of this major step from traditional government, the Magna Carta is often regarded as the basis of Democracy. Never before had power been taken from the monarch and given to the people. It was, however, still a far cry from the constitutional monarchy that Great Britain has today.

What was Scholasticism?
The theory and practice of reconciling various forms of knowledge through logical debate, often called dialetic. caused by educational revolution brought about by muslim learnings gathered during crusades, as well as learnings from monasteries

Unit 11    Medieval Russia

How did the Mongols affect the development of Russia?
The Mongols conquered Russia and made them pay tribute to them. Through the Russians still governed themselves. The conquer of Russia is on the reasons Russia was led to isolation How did Muscovite Russia compare with other European states of the period? Muscovite Russia was a strongly communist state. It therefore was very different from such as France or Germany which were democratic states. They held open elections. Unit 12    Late Middle Ages

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