1. List the textile production methods and textile art forms used in this culture.
The production of textiles in Japan is usually made of silk, hemp or manufactured goods.
Ikat, a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye on either the warp or weft fibres prior to dying, and embroidery
2. How are the textile products used as a medium for self-expression and communication between people?
Textiles products are used in Japan and a medium for self- expressions between people through beliefs and values and motifs that symbolize meanings. The products also used as a means of communication by status, religion and meanings
Some traditional symbols in Japanese textiles is the turtle and crane, which are both symbols of long life and good luck in traditional Japanese wedding ceremonies because of the meaning associated with these animals. The origami crane is a well-known worldwide symbol of peace as according to the Japanese tradition, if one folds 1000 origami cranes, their wish for good health will be granted. Both the turtle and crane are regularly seen in Japanese katazome and kasuri cotton textiles patterns. A less frequently seen motif is the sea bream fish (tai) which symbolizes happiness. The chrysanthemum flower, a general term for the flower’s blossom design, is also a common design for Japanese textiles, with more than 150 different patterns. It is still displayed by the Japanese Imperial family.
3. Describe the effects of the culture on the textile design in contemporary society.
The influences Japanese textiles have on the contemporary society is through Harajaku and Ikat scarves, curtains or rugs and by Akira Isogawa.
Harajaku is an area in Tokyo, Japan where young people dress in different styles of clothing to spend the day socializing. The styles are rarely similar, with no particular style as it is usually a mesh of many. Harajuku is also a fashion capital of the world, known for its unique street fashion. The term "Harajuku Girls" has been used by Westerners to describe teenagers dressed in any fashion style who are in the area of Harajuku.
Ikat is a dyeing technique that is used to pattern textiles by using a resist dyeing process that is similar to tie-dyeing on either the warp or weft fibres before dyeing. Double Ikat is when both warp and weft are resist-dyed before stringing on the loom. Japan is one of only three countries that produces double ikat.
Akira Isogawa managed his business in pattern making, fabric selection and manufacturing. He studied fashion design n Sydney, becoming a gifted manipulator of fabrics and his success is well known throughout the world as he displays his collections in fashion shows, regularly. Akira Isogawa’s business, based in Sydney, has grown from a one-man to an operation with numerous contract, business and administrative staff. He uses the skills of Australian employees, as well as overseas embroiderers and beaders to maintain his success and competitiveness.
4. Describe the following cultural influences on the textile design:
a. Geographic location
In Japan, the raw fibres are usually imported from other countries. During summer there is cotton to create garments and other productions and during winter, the kiminos are usually padded.
Cottom fabric manufacturing has become geographically more widespread, resulting in a significant reduced cost for cotton cloth. Domestic cotton fabrication produced comfortable cotton cloth as replacement for the coarse hemp fabric.
b. Technological development
Fabric production and decoration was originally done by hand. Early Japanese fabric was produced by hand using hemp and ramie. Through technological development, synthetic fibres hae been introduced, which are easy to care for and cheaper for consumers. Fabric decoration, such as dyeing, printing and embroidery and production, such as weaving and spinning, by using machines...
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