Chapter 6(Africa) key concepts- *The varied enviroments of African regions had an important influence on the cultural and economic developments of societies. *Regional and long distance interactions among African societies and with outsiders helped create the cultural diversity that characterized the period * Various African societies played a major role in the larger networks of trade, including both the Trans- Saharan and Indian Ocean trade networks. * Islam’s spread to Africa had a significant impact in terms of religious and economic influence from the period of 600-1450. Mali was founded by an indigenous African dynasty that had earlier converted to Islam through peaceful interactions with Muslims. The increase of elites with wealth from commercial trading resulted in the rise of slaves to serve the elites and the importance of slavery for commerce.
Chapter 7(The Middle East) key concepts_ * The wolrd of Islam represents peoples of different ethnicities, cultures, and languages throughout the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe who were unified through the religion of Islam while still maintaining regional diversity. * The Islamic world made tremendous contributions to art, science, and technology that would have a huge impact on cultural and economic developments in Asia, Africa, and Europe. *The Mongols had a significant impact on the spread of Islam and preserved and built upon Islamic intellectual discoveries. * The Mongols affected the Middle East in both positive and negative ways in terms of social, political, and economic stability. The mamluks were Turkic mercenaries in the Abbasid caliphate who rose to control powerful Muslim states. The group in control of Jerusalem at the time of the Crusades was the Seljuk Turks.
Chapter 8(Asia) key concepts- * During the period, China rose as the most influential state in East Asia in terms of economic and political dominance. *Japan, Korea, and Vietnam accepted some aspects of Chinese culture and rejected others, carving out their own unique cultural and political identities. *The impact of Mongol ruled in Central, East, and Southeast Asia varied, depending on whether the Mongols had direct or peripheral control of a given area. Mongol presence in Asia had long-lasting consequences on the development of East Asia in particular. *The Silk Road, an overland trade route, and the Indian Ocean trade network were the dominant trading networks of the period and allowed for important cultural and economic interactions among Africa, the Middle East, Europe, and Asia. *Mahayana Buddhism exerted significant social, cultural, and political influence in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietman during this period. *While India experienced great political and religious turmoil as the Muslim Delhi Sultanate came to power, it also experienced economic prosperity because of its central location in the Indian Ocean trade network. The Tang elite blamed Buddhism for the social upheaval occurring at the end of their empire because Buddhism had come to China from India from India and therefore was a foreign influence that went against traditional Confucianist ideals. The Song Empire contributed to science and technology by improving maritime expertise by improving the compass and the junk. The Yuan dynasty was significant for many reasons, including playing a significant role in decreasing the Chinese population. The use of paper money began with the Song Empire.
The innovation of moveable type began in Korea.
The Indian Ocean trade network brought wealth to the Delhi Sultanate and furthered its interest in economic growth. After the Ming dynasty gained power from the Mongols, it gradually turned away from the commercial nature of the Song and the Yuan dynasties by emphasizing food crops over commercial crops.
Chapter 9(Europe) key concepts- *after the fall of the Roman Empire, the western part of the empire became a decentralized feudal system while the eastern part continued...
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