World History Final Review

Topics: Roman Empire, Mongol Empire, Byzantine Empire Pages: 25 (5247 words) Published: February 27, 2014
World Final Review:

China:
Major dynasties after Qin
Shang
Capital Anyang
Had dynasty ruling families
Shang Kings had little land and the nobles governed most of the land and were loyal to the king Noblewomen had status
Majoristy of people were peasants and lived in poor conditions Chief God- Shand Di
Polytheistic
Believed ancestor worships- helped with war and crops
Zhou
Longest ruling dynasty
Introduce feudalism
Confucianism
Qin
Shi Huangdi: Leader
Xiangyang: Capital
Policy of Legalism
Start of the Great Wall
Terra-cotta Warriors
Han Dynasty
Wudi- most famous leader—nickname “Warrior Emperor; was known for expanding borders, stressing education, increasing trade; was a hands on ruler Capital- Chang’an
Govt:
Used bureaucracy and Confucianism
Used civil test to give people govt. jobs, but only educated men would pass it and women were not allowed to take the test Major Achievements:
Created acupuncture
Invented paper
Weak leadership and high taxes bring fall to the dynasty  this begins The Age of Disunity which lasts for 300 years Yuan Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty (1200s - 1300s)
Genghis Khan leads Mongol Invasion
Main struggle was the Great Wall
Genghis dies before invasion is complete
Kublai Khan: officially established the Mongol dynasty in China Mongol Rule: war-like people, fierce conquerers
Tolerant rulers
Tolerant religiously
Kublai wanted distinction between the Chinese and the Mongols Mongols are the only ones allowed in government
European Trade
China trade with Europe for the 1st time
Europeans flooded to China
Marco Polo serves as Kublai Khan’s adviser (almost 20 years) A Description of the World by Marco Polo
Describes China as wealthy & great
Kublia Khan dies & the dynasty falls
Mongol rule in China
Genghis Khan leads the Mongol invasion of China but does not complete it The biggest obstacle is the Great Wall
Kublai Khan completes the invasion and starts the Yuan Dynasty—Capital is Khanbalia the Mongols were harsh conquerors but tolerant rulers
Kublai doesn’t want Mongols and Chinese to mix b/c he is fearful he will lost power—gives only Mongols high ranking jobs Marco Polo is the advisor to Kublai and writes a book called Description of the World that describes china Dynasty ends with Kublai dies begins the Ming dynasty

Ming Dynasty-
Zhu Yuanzhang-founder
People of the dynasty sought to restore China
Capital: Beijing
Golden time for economy Grand Canal is restored connects Beijing in the North to Hangzhou in the south Creates the Forbidden City
Imperial palace for Ming rulers and was the political center; highly secured Zheng He- famous explorer of the dynasty traveled East Africa and India after him no more explorations because of cost and culture superiority

Qing Dynasty
Led by the Manchus
Capital: Beijing
Government:
Adopted Confucian system
Local government remained in the hands of the Chinese
Manchu troops stationed many place to ensure loyalty
Trade
Maintained Ming policy of foreign trade
Lord McCartney arrived in China & presented goods that Britain had to offer Whole thing was a misunderstanding
China’s trade-restrictions
Geographical- had mountains(Himalayas), deserts(Gobi), and jungle surrounding them Restricted trade with foreigners due to cultural superiority and wanted economy to continue to flow in China and not help flourish other countries Opium War

Most influential European good was opium (poppy seed) for tea People became addicted and china falls behind
Quing leaders ban opium and demand Britian to stop trading it British responds with the out break of the Opium War
British win the Opium War  Nanjing is the treaty that ends the war British gets huge indemnity get Hong Kong, China has to open 5 ports to foreign trade, British get Chinese citizenship, and British are tried by their laws when in China

Taiping Rebellion
Rebellion agaisnt the Qing Dynasty
Leader: Hong Xiuquan
Goal: End...
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