Byzantine vs, Abbasid (Compare and Contrast Essay)

Topics: Byzantine Empire, Ottoman Empire, Islam Pages: 3 (780 words) Published: November 16, 2013
Byzantine vs Abbasid
During the postclassical era many great empires arose. Two of the most powerful and influential groups of the time were the Byzantine Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate. Both the Abbasids and the Byzantines were places where important cultural hubs existed and where trade flourished throughout the whole empire. Even though culture was present in each area, the cultures were not the same and there were separate religious beliefs and practices; for example the Byzantine Empire was mainly Orthodox Christian while the Abbasid Caliphate was Sunni Muslim. Use of religion throughout the empire, methods of rule, and eventual ways of declining all caused the Byzantines and Abbasids to have a distinctive and lasting impression on the upcoming empires in those areas to come.

Ever since the first river valley civilizations there has been some type or form of religion; this is no exception with the Byzantine Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate. These two empires became heavily influenced and dependent on religion. In the Abbasid region, Islam was the most dominate religion, having most of the population being Sunni. While in the case of the Byzantines, it was Christianity that was most popular among the leaders and the common people. The leaders of each religion usually had equal power throughout the government. For example, in the Abbasid Caliphate the caliph, or successor, was the ruler of the religion and usually had a strong role, usually as leader, of the empire. The Byzantines on the other hand commonly had emperors and leaders convert all of their people into Christianity under their behalf. Interaction with other less poplar and slower growing religions was for the most part was the same between the Byzantines and the Abbasids. Both dynasties were tolerant of smaller religions, even though they still tried to get them to convert. The Muslims in the Abbasid placed a tax on all non- Arab Muslims, or Malawi. While the population in the...
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