How to Write Factual Description

Topics: Laundry, Writing, Clothing Pages: 3 (400 words) Published: July 13, 2013
Factual description of a process or an event requires a step by step account of an activity, experiment, procedure.

The ideas should be systematically presented with important points coming first followed by not-so-important points. Heading is an essential part of it and should be short and crisp.

Make a note of tenses used in your description as most often this is the place where students find greater difficulty in.


The language used should be semi-formal in nature. Try to be simple, attractive and appealing. Also try not to show your linguistic ability. You should make your factual description in such a way that it shows your attention to detail and observatory skills.


When did the event occur, venue of the event
Sequence of programme
Information about participants/chief guests/judges
Kind of organization, people responsible for programme/arrangements Results, if describing a contest
Value points

PERSON based

Physical attributes
Intellectual and emotional qualities
Others’ perception about him/her
Any other relevant trait of him/her by use of an incident
PLACE based

Special features about the place
OBJECT based

Physical description (colour, design, material used, etc)
Utility value
Special features about the object

You usually start writing factual descriptions by writing the TITLE at the centre and then following it with regular paragraphs.The factual descriptions would generally look like the following and for ease in organizing, I’ve marked areas so that you know how your content flows in the factual descriptions.

Word limit

80 – 100 words is generally the prescribed word limit for factual descriptions. But, be sure of it by regularly consulting your teachers.


The following is an example of an object based factual description.


A washing machine is a convenient appliance that is used for washing clothes. The automatic...
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