IAP* World History Study Guide and Graphic Organizers - Unit 1: Foundations, ~8000 BCE - 600 CE 1. Themes in AP* World History
Why you should know this: Knowledge of these themes assists you especially when developing a thesis for an essay. Moreover, because these themes are overarching, they will most likely be the basis of the essay questions. You should always keep these themes in mind when analyzing civilizations and societies, both when you are comparing two different societies and when you are tracing change over time within a society or region. Note the interaction/relationship between many themes.
Analyze the impact of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment is an example of a intellectual development that contributed to interactions
between societies (as philosophes contacted each other across countries and continents) and had a profound impact
on gender and social structures as well as political organization.
2. Regions of the World
To make comparisons and analysis of world events easier, the world is divided into geographical regions. Region
Modern countries in the region
Historical examples of countries in the region
China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea
Chinese dynasties, Japanese shogunates
Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Brunei French Indochina, British colonies, Siam, Angkor Kingdom, Dutch East Indies South Asia
India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
Southwest Asia and North Africa
Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Afghnstan, Syria, Lebanon, Lybia, Tunisia, Algeria, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Yemen, Cyprus Muslim caliphates, Ancient civilizations (Nile Valley, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Kush, etc.), Hebrew Kingdoms, Ottoman Empire, Persia Central Asia
Russia, Mongolia, the "-stans", Georgia
Nomad territories, Duchies of Kiev, Moscovy, Mongol Khanates Sub-Saharan Africa
Countries below the Sahara: Nigeria, Somalia, Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe, etc. Swahili city-states, European colonies, Axum, Transvaal
Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Croatia, Kosovo, Hungary, Latvia, Estonia, etc. Partitions of Poland, Austria-Hungary, Soviet satellite countires (Eastern Bloc), Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Ottman Empire, Greek city-states Western Europe
United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium Roman Empire, Holy Roman Empire, Gaul, Aragon, Castile, Papal States, Prussia, Anschluss, European Union North America
Canada, United States, Mexico
Mexico, Panama, Cuba, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Venezuela Olmec, Maya, Aztec, Inca, Native tribal lands, European colonies Oceanía
Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea
Why you should know this: Often, essay and multiple choice questions refer to regions of the world in the prompt. It is important to be familiar with where these regions are located, examples of countries located in the region (modern as well as historically), and to have knowledge of cultural, geographical (physical features), and political characteristics of these regions.
Example: Compare external migrations in TWO of the following world regions (North America, Southwest Asia, Western Europe) from 1914 to the present.
To answer this questions, you would need working knowledge not only of migration
patterns in the 20th/21st centuries, but also of the world regions addressed in the question.
Once you have identified what countries exist in that region in the time period requested by
the question, you can begin to identify examples of migration patterns to use in this
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