Introduction to Psychology

Topics: Theory of multiple intelligences, Intelligence, Intelligence quotient Pages: 6 (1565 words) Published: July 17, 2013
Introduction to Psychology
Term Paper
Professor Samson Munywoki

4/2/2013
United States International University
Rushika Rajesh Jethwa
635763

Table of Contents

What is intelligence?..................................................................................................3 Linguistic Intelligence...............................................................................................5 Naturalistic Intelligence.............................................................................................6 Intrapersonal Intelligence...........................................................................................7 Interpersonal Intelligence...........................................................................................8 Musical Intelligence...................................................................................................9 Logical-Mathematical Intelligence............................................................................10 Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence.................................................................................11 Spatial Intelligence.....................................................................................................12 Existential Intelligence...............................................................................................13 Conclusion.................................................................................................................14 References.................................................................................................................15

What is Intelligence?
It is “the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations. Also: the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one's environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective” (http://Mariam-Webster.com). Intelligence is that which enables us to understand, process and respond to everyday life along with our senses. During the early 1900s, Alfred Binet, a psychologist, was asked by the French government to help decide how well students can do in school, a way of measuring intelligence levels, so as to specialize on students who needed extra attention. Albert Binet and his assistant Theodore Simon came up with a set of questions that focused on things not taught in school; attention, memory and problem-solving skills. As some students answered these questions faster and more accurately than others, though they were all around same age, Binet formed the concept of mental age choosing to judge students’ Intelligence levels through their individual abilities. However, Binet was insisted that measuring Intelligence was not that simple saying that his tests were limited and other factors influenced people’s tests and can change over time proving it be, to some extent, invalid. His first intelligence test, the Binet - Simon scale is the basis of many intelligence tests used today. When the test was taken to Stanford University, psychologist Lewis Terman standardized the test using a sample of American volunteers, naming it the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) The test score was then calculated by dividing the test taker’s mental age by their chronological age, then multiplying this number by 100

Types of Intelligence
However, The IQ test was proving to be very general and was unable to truly judge one’s different abilities so about 25 years ago, Dr Howard Gardner developed a new theory about Intelligence arguing that people are very complex and everyone has different strengths which no standardized test including the IQ test could measure. Before this theory was formed, it was generally believed that Intelligence was a single thing that was inherited. However, today scientists and researchers believe that one can possess a multitude of Intelligences that are separate from each other, which come with its own restraints and strengths. Gardner specified nine different types of Intelligences,...

References: http://Mariam-Webster.com
http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologicaltesting/a/int-history.htm
http://skyview.vansd.org/lschmidt/Projects/The%20Nine%20Types%20of%20Intelligence.htm
http://www.lifehack.org/articles/communication/whats-your-intelligence-type.html
http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/what-an-iq-test-measure
Child Psychology and Development by Ramnath Sharma
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Introduction to Psychology Essay
  • Essay on Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology
  • Psychology Essay
  • Introduction to Psychology Essay
  • Essay on Introduction to Psychology
  • Essay on Introduction to Psychology
  • Introduction to Psychology Essay
  • Psychology Research Paper

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Rock Roll | Приключения | mylist/64018990