ON KNITTING AND GARMENT PROJECT
By: Dr.R.Suresh Kumar, Chartered Engineer
The Indian textile industry is one of the largest and oldest sectors in the country and among the most important in the economy in terms of output, investment and employment. The sector employs nearly 35 million people and after agriculture, is the second highest employer in the country. Its importance is underlined by the fact that it accounts for around 4% of Gross Domestic Product, 14% of industrial production, 9% of excise collections, 18% of employment in the industrial sector, and 16% of the country’s total export earnings. In the Textile industry, the Apparel industry is one of the important value chains of the vertical and is India’s second largest industry after IT. At present, it is amongst the fastest growing industry segment and is also the second largest foreign exchange earner for the country. Also the retail segment in India is booming up at a very fast phase.
MARKET SIZE ESTIMATES:
Nature of Business
22 USD bn
40 USD bn
33 USD bn
60 USD bn
55 USD bn
100 USD bn
• Drivers of exports
- Outsourcing by retail giants.
- Transition from Converters to vendor partners of global buyers. - Capacity building to lower per unit cost and become more competitive.
• Drivers of domestic market
- Growing young population
- Rising household income levels
- Growth of organized retail
Apparel is one of the basic necessities of human civilization along with food, water and shelter. The Apparel Industry reflects people’s lifestyles and shows their social and economic status. The concept of purchasing fabric & get it sewn by our traditional tailors has receded and the current generation prefers for readymade garment and there is an ever-growing demand for the same. With the advent of new shopping malls coming up every other day & looking into the demand, one can infer that this industry can definitely survive in the years to come.
• Domestic apparel market growing at 10% per annum
• Home textiles demand growing at 12-15% per annum
• Urban consumers increasingly seeking branded and lifestyle products • Modern retailing environment (organized retailing) a driver for increased consumption. • Semi-urban and rural Indian markets are growing faster than expected. • Helpful demographic profile and increase in working female population.
1. Raw material : Grey yarn – 100% cotton,Blends, Melanges, etc to outsource. 2. Circular Knitting : Grey fabric, various structures: viz, Single Jersey,Pique, Rib,Interlock,Waffle, etc can be converted at the inhouse facility.
3. Processing : To be outsourced (Includes: Heat setting,Washing, Scouring, Mercerising, Dyeing,Slit opening Brushing,Raising, Rotary printing,Transfer printing, finishing, etc). 4. Finished Fabric : After processing finished fabric is received in roll form or flat folded which will be issued to Apparel Industry. 5. Fabric Inspection : Checking for fabric paramenters, color matching & visual quality. 6. Cutting : Cutting of fabric into different parts of a garment based on the styling with a computerised cutting machine.
7. Bundling : Bundling together all the parts of a garment into a bundle of 30 to 40 garments to avoid mix-up of different rolls & lots in a color. 8. Placement print /Embroidery : If the motif of the print / embroidery is large, the same is done in panel form. 9. Sewing : Stitching together all the fabric cut panels to form a garment in the required styling with the respective accessories / trims. 10. Printing /Embroidery : Small motifs are printed / embroidered on to the garment. 11. Snap/Button hole/Buttoning : Attaching the snaps / buttons onto the garment. 12. Trimming/Checking : Cutting of extra & unwanted threads) /...
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