The Commonwealth Of Byzantium

Topics: Byzantine Empire, Roman Empire, Justinian I Pages: 2 (441 words) Published: November 3, 2013
Fifth century, eastern half of empire remained intact while west crumbled. There where large and complex bureaucracy. Rebuilt Constantinople, including Hagia Sophia. Codified Roman law Corpus iuris civilis (The Body of the Civil law). Had sent Belisarius to reconquer the Western Roman Empire, which didn’t last. The emergence of the Islamic state, 17th century. Arab peoples conquer the Sasanid Empire and part of Byzantium. Prolonged sieges of Constantinople by Islamic armies. Byzantium survived partly because of the Greek fire. The Byzantine society reorganized provinces under generals. Armies of free peasants helped agricultural economy. Large agricultural base to support cities. Economy strongest when large class of free peasants existed. Economy weakened when large landholder consolidated and made peasants dependent. Constantinople was major site of crafts and industry. Byzantine crafts workers enjoyed a reputation especially for their glass, linen, textiles, gems, jewelry, gold, and silver. Silk developed into major industry in 16th century. Bezant was the standard currency of Mediterranean basin. Western anchor of trade route revived silk roads. Banks and partnerships had supported commercial economy. Chariot races were most popular in the Hippodrome. The official language went from Latin to Greek. State-organized school system trained workforce. Primary education was reading, writing, and grammar. Later education was classical Greek, literature, philosophy, and science. Higher education in Constantinople was law, medicine, and philosophy. Byzantine scholarship emphasized Greek tradition. Preserved and transmitted Greek thought to later cultures. Most distinctive feature was involvement of the emperor. Council of Nicaea (325 C.E.) in which Arianism was declared heresy. Monasticism origins in early Christian ascetics (hermits). There was tension between eastern and west Christianity. Constantinople and Rome: strains mirrored political tensions. Ritual and...
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