The Roman and Han Empires were the most powerful empires among the Classical Empires. Between the fifth century B.C.E. and the fifth century C.E., the Roman empire of the Mediterranean and the Han Empire of China were both influential powers of the Classical Asian and Mediterranean worlds. The Han Dynasty and Roman Empire were similar in their falls because they both fell to nomadic invaders, and because they both fell because of a decline in economic trade. The Han and the Roman Empires were different in their falls because the Han suffered from serious revolts whereas the Romans did not; also the effects of their falls were different because China was able to make a fairly quick comeback whereas Rome was never able to do so.
The Roman and Han empires were similar in their falls because of they both fell to nomadic invaders. Nomads attacked the empires to try and conquer them. Germanic tribes attacked the Romans and the Huns attacked Han China. Because both empires borders were so large, they were unable to fully protect their borders making it easy for their invaders to defeat them. The Roman and Han empires falls’ were also similar because of their decline in economic trade. Trade was extremely important for the Romans and Chinese so when it began to decline, so did the rest of the empire. As both empires borders expanded, they had to take more of the military to defend the borders rather than the trade routes, so the trade routes became compromised. People began stealing goods from merchants making the routes extremely dangerous. Because their was much less trade, the taxes to the government were greatly reduced so they had to tax the people more. Most people could not afford the hike in taxes so the government was still unable to get all of their money, thus resulting in decline.
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