THE MYSTERY OF KHAZARS’ CONVERSION TO JUDAISM.
Haruto Shimoda ID 161438
The Khazar Empire was located in west eurasia from 7C to 10C. The origin of khazars is debatable. The most reliable candidate is the Turkic tribe because the language they use is categorized in Turkic. They were originally nomadic people who did not live in one place but moved according to seasons. It is interesting and unusual that Khazars were converted from their traditional religion, which was shamanism, to Judaism. Economically speaking, the capital city, Itir, was the central point of trade on the Silk Road and a lot of people traveled there, in particular merchants from the Islamic world, from Byzantine and Rus Empire. The evidence of these historical facts above is their written sources in Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Greece, Russian, Armenian and the other sources. It was a long time before scholars collected the sources and to unified them to make clear Khazar history. Khazar Empire should not be ignored in history as one of the biggest empires in the medieval period, even though there are small numbers of direct sources. It is worth discovering why Khazar Empire accepted Judaism in order to understand the economical, social, and religious dynamism in medieval Eurasia.
Even though there are not so many physical and archeological sources and evidence to describe Khazar empire, it is no doubt that there indeed existed a Khazar empire and they accepted Judaism in social scale from various sources. For example, a coin with Moses name etched upon it has been discovered.This coin means that those who had right and power to make coins and circulate them in the society were Jewish.() It is then natural to expect that most people in Khazar were also familiar with Judaism. Another example is that there are comments written by Arabic historians. One of them was written by Ahmad ibn Fadlan in 922. He said “The Khazars and their king...
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